What is Strategic human resource management?
Strategic human resource management is a proactive process of managing employees in an organization, that includes standard human resource components such as attracting, developing, rewarding, and retaining employees and brings them one step further by taking in consideration the goals and needs of other departments within the organization, and the organization itself.
Strategic Human Resource Management Definition
Strategic human resource management (SHRM) is a comprehensive approach to managing an organization's human resources in a manner that aligns with its overall strategic goals and objectives. It involves integrating HRM into the strategic planning and decision-making processes to maximize the effectiveness and contribution of the workforce toward achieving organizational success.
SHRM recognizes that human resources are a valuable and strategic asset for an organization. It goes beyond the traditional administrative functions of HR, such as recruitment, training, and compensation, and focuses on leveraging human capital to gain a competitive advantage. It involves the development and implementation of HR strategies that support the organization's mission, vision, and long-term goals.
Key Principles of Strategic Human Resource Management
Some key principles of strategic human resource management include:
Alignment with organizational strategy: SHRM ensures that HRM practices and policies are designed and implemented in line with the overall strategic objectives of the organization. This involves understanding the organization's vision, mission, and goals, and integrating HRM activities to support their achievement.
Integration with other organizational functions: SHRM emphasizes the integration of HRM with other functional areas of the organization, such as finance, marketing, and operations. HR professionals collaborate with managers from these areas to align HR practices with broader organizational strategies and initiatives.
Focus on long-term goals: This approach takes a long-term perspective and considers the future needs of the organization. It involves workforce planning, talent management, and succession planning to ensure a steady supply of skilled employees who can drive the organization's success in the long run.
Change management: The challenges of organizational change are addressed by effectively managing the human side of change. It involves communication, training, and support to help employees adapt to new strategies, technologies, or structures.
Employee development and engagement: It emphasizes the continuous development of employees' skills and competencies to support the organization's strategic initiatives. It involves implementing performance management systems, providing training and development opportunities, and creating a positive work environment that fosters employee motivation and commitment.
Measurement and evaluation: SHRM emphasizes the use of metrics and data analysis to assess the effectiveness of HRM practices and their impact on organizational performance. This enables HR professionals to make informed decisions and continuously improve HR strategies and initiatives.
How it helps the organization
Overall, strategic human resource management is about proactively aligning HR practices and strategies with the organization's long-term goals. By integrating HR considerations into strategic decision-making, organizations can optimize their human capital and create a competitive advantage in the marketplace.