What is Grievance?
Grievance refers to the employee's dissatisfaction with company's work policy and conditions because of an alleged violation of law.
A grievance refers to a formal or informal complaint or concern raised by an employee regarding their work, employment conditions, or interactions within the workplace. It is a way for employees to express dissatisfaction, seek resolution, and address issues that affect their rights, well-being, or terms of employment.
Grievances can arise from various reasons, such as perceived unfair treatment, harassment, discrimination, violation of employment agreements, disputes over wages or benefits, work-related conflicts, or concerns about working conditions.
Employees may file a grievance when they believe their rights have been violated, when they feel mistreated, or when they encounter a problem that affects their ability to work effectively or comfortably.
Why do grievances occur?
Grievances can arise from various reasons, such as perceived unfair treatment, harassment, discrimination, violation of employment agreements, disputes over wages or benefits, work-related conflicts, or concerns about working conditions. Employees may file a grievance when they believe their rights have been violated, when they feel mistreated, or when they encounter a problem that affects their ability to work effectively or comfortably.
A grievance can be resolved in two ways: informally and formally.
Initially, employees are encouraged to address their concerns informally by discussing the issue with their immediate supervisor or manager. This allows for a dialogue and potential resolution without formal procedures.
It involves open communication and discussions between the employee and their supervisor to understand the issue, clarify any misunderstandings, and explore potential solutions. The focus is on resolving the grievance through conversation and mutual understanding. In some cases, a mediator may be involved to facilitate discussions and help the parties find a resolution. The informal procedure aims to address the issue and improve the working relationship without the need for a formal grievance process.
Formal Grievance Procedure
If the matter cannot be resolved informally or if the employee prefers a formal process, they may initiate a formal grievance procedure. This typically involves the following steps:
Submitting a written complaint: The employee submits a written complaint to the appropriate department or individual designated by the employer. The company's policies and procedures usually outline the specific steps to be followed.
Investigation: Once a grievance is formally raised, the employer or designated authority will initiate an investigation to gather relevant information, interview involved parties, and examine any supporting evidence. The investigation aims to understand the issue and determine the facts surrounding the grievance.
Resolution and Decision: Based on the investigation findings, the employer or designated authority will make a decision and take appropriate actions to resolve the grievance. This may involve disciplinary actions, adjustments to policies or procedures, mediation or negotiation, or any other measures necessary to address the issue and provide a resolution.
Appeals: In some cases, employees may have the right to appeal the decision if they are not satisfied with the resolution. The appeal process allows for a review of the decision by an impartial authority or panel, ensuring fairness and providing an opportunity for reconsideration.
How should the employer approach grievance?
Employers have a responsibility to handle grievances promptly, fairly, and confidentially. The aim is to address employee concerns, maintain a positive work environment, and promote constructive relationships between employees and the organization. Companies should have established grievance procedures in place to ensure a systematic and fair approach to resolving workplace conflicts and employee complaints.