Job analysis refers to a systematic process of collecting all information about a specif job, including skill requirements, roles, responisbilites and processes in order to create a valid job description.
Job analysis definition
Job analysis refers to a systematic process of collecting all information about a specif job, including skill requirements, roles, responsibilites and processes in order to create a valid job description.
Job analysis also gives an overview on the physical, emotional & related human qualities required to execute the job successfully.
Importance of job analysis
Job analysis is an important step in ensuring that the right candidate is selected.
Job analysis helps the employer in recruitment and selection, performance management, choosing compensation and benefits, etc. It helps the employees to have a clear picture of what is actually required from them.
Job analysis process and methods
1. Recognizing the need of having a job analysis for a particular goal in the company.
2. Finding best possible methods to extract maximum information related to the job.
3. Understanding the key parameters.
4. Actual data collection from within the organization & through competitor structure.
5. Verification and preparing the final job analysis document covering all important aspects.
6. Creating a job description and job specification.
This steps can bed one through the method of observation, intervju or a questionnaire.
Advantages and disadvantages of job analysis
1. 2. Clearly defines the description & specification.
2. Makes it easier for employees to understand their goals & objectives.
3. Can be used as a benchmark to evaluate performance of employees.
4. Help in maintaining the organizational structure.
1. The actual experience and job related issues can not be thouroughly covered.
2. It can not predict the future requirements of a job in case of a major change in industry norms, company policies etc.