Application Security Engineer Interview Questions
The goal for a successful interview for an Application Security Engineer is to showcase their knowledge and experience in developing and implementing security measures to protect applications and systems against cyber threats. They should be able to demonstrate their expertise in identifying vulnerabilities, developing and executing security strategies, and collaborating with development and operations teams to ensure the security of the application throughout the software development lifecycle. Additionally, they should be able to effectively communicate complex security concepts to both technical and non-technical stakeholders.
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Situational interview questions
- You've identified a security vulnerability in your company's mobile app. Your team has tried various solutions, but the vulnerability persists. How would you approach this complex issue and find a suitable solution?
- Your team has received a report that a black hat hacker has found a way into your company's system. What steps would you take to isolate and neutralize the threat, while still allowing business operations to continue?
- You've discovered a security flaw in one of your company's applications, but the developers have pushed back on implementing the necessary fixes, stating that the changes would be too disruptive to the software. How would you convince the team to prioritize security, while still maintaining the functionality of the app?
- Your team has discovered that another department has created an application that does not meet company security standards. How would you approach the department and help them understand the importance of following security guidelines?
- Your company supplies software solutions to clients in various industries, each with unique security requirements. How would you ensure that each client's specific requirements are met, while still maintaining overall security standards for your company?
Soft skills interview questions
- Can you describe a time when you had to communicate a complex security issue to technical and non-technical teams? How did you ensure everyone understood the importance of the issue and the steps needed to address it?
- As an application security engineer, you will regularly work with development teams. Can you tell us about a time when you had to work with a difficult or resistant developer? How did you navigate the situation and ensure a successful outcome?
- Collaboration is key in any role, but especially as an application security engineer. Can you describe how you approach working with cross-functional teams, such as development, IT, and compliance, to ensure a security-first mindset?
- As a security professional, it's important to keep up-to-date with the latest security threats and vulnerabilities. Can you describe how you stay informed about new security trends and incorporate that knowledge into your work?
- Finally, we're looking for someone who can thrive in a fast-paced, ever-changing environment. Can you provide an example when you had to quickly adapt to changing security requirements or priorities? What steps did you take to ensure a secure outcome despite the changes?
Role-specific interview questions
- Can you walk us through your approach to perform a security assessment of an application?
- What is your understanding of OWASP Top Ten vulnerabilities? Can you explain any three of them in detail?
- How do you keep yourself updated with current security trends and advancements in the security industry?
- What security measures do you recommend for web-based applications to prevent SQL injection attacks?
- Can you explain the concept of "defense in depth" in the context of application security?
STAR interview questions1. Can you describe a situation where you were responsible for ensuring application security?
- Situation: Tell us about a specific project or event where you had to ensure the security of the application.
- Task: What were your specific responsibilities as an application security engineer in that situation?
- Action: What steps or procedures did you take to ensure the security of the application?
- Result: What was the outcome of your actions?
2. Tell us about a time when you had to identify a security vulnerability in an application?
- Situation: Give us an example of a particular application you worked on where you identified a security vulnerability.
- Task: What was your role or responsibility related to identifying and addressing the vulnerability?
- Action: What specific steps did you take to identify the vulnerability? What tools or techniques did you use?
- Result: What was the outcome of your actions? How did you fix the vulnerability?
3. Describe a situation where you had to work with cross-functional teams to improve application security?
- Situation: What was the project, event, or challenge that required you to work with cross-functional teams?
- Task: What were your specific responsibilities related to application security in that situation?
- Action: What steps did you take to work effectively with other teams and improve application security?
- Result: What was the outcome of your actions? What impact did it have on the project?
4. Can you tell us about a time when you had to ensure compliance with security regulations?
- Situation: Give us an example of a project or event where you needed to ensure compliance with security regulations.
- Task: What were your specific responsibilities related to ensuring compliance with regulations?
- Action: What steps did you take to ensure compliance with regulations? What tools or techniques did you use?
- Result: What was the outcome of your actions? Did the application pass security audits and compliance testing?
5. Tell us about a time when you had to mitigate a security incident in an application.
- Situation: What was the security incident that you encountered in an application?
- Task: What were your responsibilities in responding to the security incident as an application security engineer?
- Action: What steps did you take to mitigate the security incident? What was your response plan?
- Result: What was the outcome of your actions? Did you successfully mitigate the security incident?